Resources:DIRECTORY OF COMPUTER AIDED THEATRE RESOURCES : Books ¦ Journals ¦ Websites ¦ Survey




Isadora ® Created by Troika Ranch Artistic Co-Director Mark Coniglio, Isadora is a graphic programming environment that provides interactive control over digital media, with special emphasis on the real-time manipulation of digital video.

Max/MSPMax/MSP is a graphical environment for music, audio, and multimedia.In use worldwide for over fifteen years by performers, composers, artists, teachers, and students. Max/MSP is a true cross-platform system compatible with both Mac OS X and Windows XP.

Quest 3D- Software for creating your existing 3D models into Real time interactive Theatre models. (go to download on this site for real-time 3D theatre walkthroughs)

Open Stages , theatre software designed by an experience theatre designer Chris Dyer. With OpenStages you can create an interactive 3-D computer model of any theatre or performance space into which are placed the systems usually associated with performance; lights, sound, fly bars, revolves and trucks etc. You can download a demo version for the site.

Visual Assistant , Beardon, C downloadable free software useful for creating simple white card model/ early stages of your theatre design.

-How to build a chair, theatre space using 3D studio Max and creating costumes drawing and textures using Photoshop ( 2001)

CAD4Theatre: CAD training and resourse for Theatre. Since 2000 cad4theatre, run by David Ripley, has been providing AutoCAD Training to the Theatre and Entertainment Industries.

3d Cafe for downloads & great 3D Tutorials

Stagelink - The Technical Production Resource site offers information about the technical production industry. Very good CAD theatre links.



Wooster Group "is a collective of artists who make new work for the theater. Under the direction of Elizabeth LeCompte . Ttheatre pieces are constructed as assemblages of juxtaposed elements: radical staging of both modern and classic texts, found materials, films and videos, dance and movement, multi-track scoring, and an architectonic approach to theatre design."

The Builders Association "Founded in 1994 and directed by Marianne Weems, The Builders Association is a New York-based performance and media company that exploits the richness of contemporary technologies to extend the boundaries of theater. Based on unusual collaborations and extensive periods of development. JET LAG-h 3d computer graphics was used for scenery."

Troika Ranch "is the collaborative vision of choreographer Dawn Stoppiello and composer/media artist Mark Coniglio who began their collaborative process while students at the California Institute of the Arts in the mid 1980’s. Their multidisciplinary approach led them to begin defining themselves as “slash (/) artists”, with the slash between their mediums (dance/theater/media) as the unifying component"

Blast Theory An innovate group of British artist that uses new media and VR in their performances/installations

Monster of Grace - Robert Wilson- 3D Opera -audience wore polarised glassed for sterovision, music was by Philip Glass

Biped -Merce Cunningham Dance company- Life forms software and motion capture- dance perform with their virtual other self

Exmachina- Theatre company- Robert Lepage-Canadian Director, Actor - Video and new media in Perfomances

The Institute for the Exploration of Virtual Reality, University of Kansas- Research and experiments in Virtual Reality in live theatre and the design of stage sets.

The Theatron Project

An online resource for teaching theatre history at university level. The project has drawn together business and academic partners throughout the European Union and from a wide range of backgrounds including, architecture, art history, engineering and information technology.


a2z Artists


Digital Performance: A History of New Media in Theatre, Dance, Performance Art and Installation (Leonardo Books): A History of New Media in Theatre, D By: Steve Dixon, The MIT Press (3 April 2007)

Multi-media: Video - Installation - Performance [Paperback] by Kaye, Nick Routledge; New Ed edition (30 May 2006)

Avant-garde Performance: Live Events and Electronic Technologies) by Gunter Berghaus (Author) Palgrave Macmillan (4 May 2005)

Virtual Theatres: An Introduction [Paperback] by Giannachi, Gabriella Routledge; New Ed edition (11 Mar 2004)

First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game
by Noah Wardrip-Fruin (Editor), Pat Harrigan (Editor) The MIT Press; New Ed edition (April 1, 2006)

Computer Visualization for the Theatre: 3D Modelling for Designers by Gavin Carver, Christine White. Focal Press; 1 edition (September 24, 2003)

Using 3D Studio Max, Painter and Poser - An introduction to CAD for Theatre, L.J. DeCuire Heinemann, 2000

Computer Scenographic, Darwin R. Payne(1994),Southern Illinois University Press Journals Beardon, C (1998)

Media & Performance : Along the Boarder, Johannes Birringer, The John Hopkins University Press(1998)

--------------------------------------------- JOURNALS

PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art- 70 (24.1), January 2002 , Special Section: Digital Performance

Interactive 3D Stage Design, 3d Artist Magazine Roma Patel & Pjotr van Schothorst/ issue 46, December 2001, pp 32

Scenography Techniques, 3d Artist Magazine by Adam Watkins/issue 42, p21

A Digital Foot in the Stage Door, 3d Artist Magazine by Adam Watkins/issue 42, 22

May the force be with you, Natalie Wheen, Opera Now, March/April 2000 The future of Digital imagery in live Opera) pp 32-35

The Visual Assistant: institutional perspective on the development of software. CHArt (Computer in the History of Art), 8(1) pp.97-108

Dipping a toe in the Ocean of Creativity , B. Salzer,TD&T (Theatre Design and Technology),Winter 1998,pp.27-36 John Calhoun,

World Gone CAD !, TCI (Theatre Crafts International) March 1998 P. Gill, K. Hartshorn,

Computer Scanned Images in Theatrical Design, TD&T (Theatre Design and Technology),Fall, 1993,pp.25-27 Computer and Art, Rowsell, Outline, issue 5: Spring 1998

Pencil and the Mouse, Mandelbrojt, J.- the LEONARDO, Vol.32, No4. pp 303-306, 1999 Ularu,

Using Computer with Rendering TD&T,Summer 1999,pp.65-67 King,M,

The Tranny and the Liberation of Three-Space: a Journey by a Ray-Tracer, Digital Creativity,199 Vol.10, No4, pp.215-227 Grau,Oliver,

Into the Belly of the Image: Historical aspect of Virtual Reality, LEONARDO, Vol.32, No5. pp 365-371, 1999 B. Salzer,

Teaching Design in a world without design , TD&T (Theatre Design and Technology),Spring1999,pp.32-41 Ruling, K G. (Apr. 1996)

Computer- generated scenic design. TCI (Theatre Crafts International) vol.30, no.4, pp.50-51

The Theatre of Virtual Reality, TD&T , Spring 1993.Vol 29 No.2 pp.36-43

Virtual Scenography: The Actor Audience, Computer Interface, TD&T, Winter 1996, Vol.32 No 1, pp.36-43



In April and May 1999 a survey was carried out to assess the use of computer application and the changes that the introduction of new technology can have for designers working in theatre. Roma Patel constructed the survey as part of her MA research project for the Birmingham Institute of Art and Design. With the help of the Society of British Theatre Designers, 425 questionnaires were posted to designers working in British Theatre. This report highlights some of the significant results of this survey and also includes the statistical data.